International Agreements Refugees

In accordance with the general principle of international law, existing treaties are binding on the parties and must be respected in good faith. Countries that have ratified the Refugee Convention are obliged to protect refugees on their territory in accordance with their conditions. [16] There are a number of provisions that states parties to the Convention on the Status of Refugees must respect. The 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol are the main legal documents that form the basis of our work. Together with 149 States parties to one or both States, they define the term “refugee” and outline the rights of refugees and the legal obligations of States to protect them. Over time and with the emergence of new refugee situations, it has become increasingly necessary to make the provisions of the 1951 Convention applicable to these new refugees. A protocol on the status of refugees was then drawn up and entered into force on 4 October 1967. [12] UNHCR is invited to grant international protection to refugees of concern. [13] The Protocol defined a refugee as a person within the meaning of the 1951 Convention, as if the words “as a result of events occurring before January 1, 1951 and…¬†Were omitted. [14] Several groups agreed on the 1951 Convention to establish a more objective definition. Although their concepts are different from those of the 1951 Convention, the Convention has been instrumental in the new, more objective definitions. These include the 1969 Convention on the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa by the Organization of African Unity (African Union since 2002) and the 1984 Cartagena Declaration, which, although non-binding, also sets regional standards for refugees in South and Central America, Mexico and the Caribbean.

[15] Refugees have rights and protection under international law. These rights and protection measures are contained in the Refugee Convention and in the main international human rights treaties. The main UN organization that protects refugees is the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Another international organization that deals with the movement of refugees (and migrants at large) is the International Organization for Migration. The Convention was approved at a special United Nations conference on 28 July 1951 and entered into force on 22 April 1954. It was initially limited to the protection of European refugees before 1 January 1951 (after the Second World War), although States were able to declare that the provisions would apply to refugees from other localities. The central principle is non-refoulement, which states that a refugee should not be repatriated to a country where he or she is exposed to serious threats to his or her life or freedom.